Technical and Agronomic Aspects
The “RRR” certification calls for “combination” of the various production factors with the others set by the designation’s rules. The former are those that naturally aid in the production cycle (for example, like crop environment and the vocation of the land for vine growing in terms of soil and climate, maintenance of the natural agroecosystem, arrangement and preparation of the ground, etc.). The latter include varietal choice, for example.
Consorzio supplies training and technical assistance for member wineries focusing on the reduction in the use of pesticides and the promotion of low impact cultivation methods. In three years, the area managed by integrated pest control has risen from 200 ha to over 2000 ha, and thanks to the RRR project the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in vineyards is decreasing, as much as possible, limiting also external inputs for fertilizing and irrigating to avoid water squandering.
Above all, the Consorzio Tutela Vini Valpolicella gives sustainable guidelines to the farmers on how to renew the vineyards in accordance with the soil resources, and measures on the conservation of characteristic elements of the Valpolicella landscape. A sharp reduction in the use of herbicides and pesticides is combined with annual metabolomic analysis of grapes and wine and microbiological soil analysis to verify the results. Closely concerning the vines defense, first of all the RRR rules dictate that chemicals must be use only if there isn’t a natural agronomic option to prevent diseases, and however discounting hazardous and suspected hazardous substances.
Mixtures and substances carrying on the label the following “H” statements are forbidden by RRR rules:
• H300 – Fatal if swallowed;
• H301 – Toxic if swallowed;
• H310 – Fatal in contact with skin;
• H311 – Toxic in contact with skin;
• H312 – Harmful in contact with skin;
• H330 – Fatal if inhaled;
• H331 – Toxic if inhaled;
• H334 – May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled;
• H335 – May cause respiratory irritation;
• H340 – May cause genetic defects;
• H341 – Suspected of causing genetic defects;
• H350 – May cause cancer;
• H351 – Suspected of causing cancer;
• H360 – May damage fertility or the unborn child;
• H361 – Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child;
• H362 – May cause harm to breast-fed children;
• H370 – Causes damage to organs;
• H371 – May cause damage to organs;
• H372 – Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure;
• H373 – May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.